Do you know what types of soil cover are for sustainable agriculture? Well, having this information can make all the difference in the quality of your soil and, mainly, in how the quality of the harvest of your plantations will be at the end of the process.
Next, let’s check out the main types of soil cover, understand more about the importance of this item in sustainable agriculture and much more!
The importance of soil cover for agricultural sustainability
The importance of soil cover for agricultural sustainability is great, after all, the role it plays is fundamental for agricultural sustainability. This coverage, for example, will offer a variety of benefits for our environment, as well as in the production of our food.
When the covering is used to protect the soil against erosion and other interferences of the time in the soil, it manages to maintain a much healthier and more fertile soil, which is important for the quality of the plantations until the moment of the harvest.
And that’s not all! The importance goes far beyond these details, such as helping to reduce water evaporation, allowing the soil to remain moist for cultivation and much more!
In other words, it is something that could make a total difference in plantations and soil quality.
Benefits of using land cover in agriculture
And speaking of benefits, here we have, in more detail, some of the main benefits that the use of land cover in agriculture can provide. Are they:
Reducing erosion and water waste
With the use of a soil cover, you can reduce erosion and also water waste (by reducing the evaporation of water that is present in the soil).
This cover will work just like a protection barrier, responsible for directly protecting your soil against the most intense rains (which can harm crops) or even high winds and other climate changes.
And, as we mentioned briefly, it also helps to reduce water waste because it will keep the soil moist for much longer, as it will not be directly exposed to the sun.
Pest and disease control
It will also protect against pests and diseases, which can severely damage the plantation if this care is not taken. The simple fact that it is a physical barrier prevents pests from settling on the plants and will still maintain an environment that is not very pleasant for them and the diseases they bring.
Nutrient retention and increased soil fertility
And, of course, it will still help with nutrient retention and contribute to increasing soil fertility. For example, the decomposition of organic matter that is present in the cover will gradually release nutrients that are essential for plant growth.
Soil cover techniques for sustainable agriculture
There are many techniques that can be used in soil cover to carry out sustainable agriculture. Check out some of them:
Mulching with straw, leaves and other organic materials
This is a technique that will involve the application of a good layer of organic materials, such as leaves, straw, among others.
Through mulchingit is possible to have results such as the benefits mentioned above, which is avoiding the rapid evaporation of water, protecting the soil against erosion, etc.
There are also cover crops, which are planted with the intention of covering the soil when there is no main planting on it. The objective with these crops is to ensure that the soil maintains its quality, helping to improve the entire structure of this soil.
Permanent vegetation cover
And then we also have the permanent mulch, which will involve some type of mulch, of course. In this case, for example, grasses, legumes or even both together will be used. It is also a cover that will protect the soil and maintain its quality.
How to choose the right ground cover for your crop
To make a good choice, among the many options, it is important to understand how this should be done. You will need to analyze your soil very well to understand which cover is best. An analysis will be made of the climatic conditions of the place, as well as the soil, and check what the real needs are.
Its objectives, the types of plantations, among other important points for the choice, must also be analyzed. Ideally, everything should fit together so that the mulch offers the best benefits to the soil.
If you need to cover your soil, remember to review this content first! You will need to know very well which coverage is ideal, among the many types available, and that information is here.