So you’ve heard about ươmen but don’t know what it really is? Not to worry, we’ve got you covered. ươmen is a traditional Vietnamese noodle soup that’s bursting with flavor and sure to satisfy. Made with chicken or beef broth and rice noodles, it comes topped with fresh herbs, bean sprouts and your choice of meat. The ingredients are simple but the combination is simply delicious. Perfect for any time of day, ươmen is comfort in a bowl and once you try your first spoonful, you’ll be hooked. Keep reading to learn all about this iconic Vietnamese dish, from the broth to the toppings to how to properly eat a bowl of ươmen. By the end, your mouth will be watering and you’ll be on the hunt for the nearest place to get a steaming hot bowl of your very own.

What Is Ướmẽn?

Ướmạn, sometimes referred to as Vietnamese pizza, is a popular street food in Vietnam consisting of a rice flour-based flatbread topped with meat, eggs, and fresh vegetables.

The Crust

The ươmạn crust is made from a rice flour dough that is rolled out thinly and cooked on a hot griddle until lightly browned. Rice flour gives the crust a slight chewiness and subtle nutty flavor.

The Toppings

A variety of tasty toppings are used on ươmạn. Common options include:

  • Ground pork or beef: Finely chopped and seasoned with garlic, fish sauce, sugar, and black pepper.
  • Shredded chicken or duck: poached and shredded, then seasoned similarly to the ground meats.
  • Eggs: Beaten eggs are poured over the crust during cooking and set, similar to an omelet.
  • Fresh vegetables: Bean sprouts, cucumbers, cilantro, lime, chili peppers, etc. add freshness, crunch and spice.
  • Hoisin or chili sauce: Brushed on or served alongside for extra flavor.

How to Eat It

Ươmạn is meant to be eaten with your hands. Tear off pieces of the crust and use them to scoop up the toppings. The balance of flavors and textures, from the crisp crust and fresh veggies to the rich meat and eggs, all coming together with each bite is what makes ươmạn so utterly delicious. No wonder it has become such an integral part of Vietnam’s vibrant street food culture!

The History and Origins of Ướmẽn

The origins of ươmẽn go back centuries in Vietnam. This popular noodle soup is believed to have originated in the Imperial City of Huế, the old capital city in central Vietnam.

Royal roots

According to legend, ươmẽn was first created in the royal palaces of the Nguyễn Dynasty in the 1800s. Royal cooks experimented with different broths and spices to create new dishes for the king and his court. One of these experiments resulted in a fragrant beef and chicken broth infused with spices like cinnamon, star anise, and clove – and ươmẽn was born.

Gaining popularity

Over time, this royal delicacy spread from the palaces to the streets and ươmẃen became popular all over Huế. The aromatic broth, soft rice noodles, fresh herbs, lime, and chili peppers captivated locals and visitors alike. Today, Huế is still considered the ươmẽn capital of Vietnam, though the dish has gained nationwide popularity and recognition.

A cultural icon

More than just a delicious meal, ươmẽn has become an important part of Vietnam’s culture and history. Eating a bowl of ươmẽn is a total sensory experience, from the enticing aroma of the broth to the mix of flavors and textures with each bite. For many Vietnamese, ươmẽn evokes feelings of nostalgia, family, and connection to their cultural heritage. Whether you’re in Huế, Hanoi or Ho Chi Minh City, you’ll find locals and tourists alike enjoying this iconic Vietnamese street food.

Key Aspects and Beliefs of the Ướmẽn Faith

The Ướmẇn faith has several key aspects and beliefs central to the religion.

Life and Afterlife

Ướmẹn followers believe that life continues after death in some form. The soul is eternal and is reborn into a new body after death. How people conduct themselves in this life determines their fate in the next life. By following the teachings of the Ướmẹn and living a moral life, one can achieve a higher state of being upon rebirth.

Harmony and Balance

A core tenet of Ướmẹn is that there must be harmony and balance in all things. Followers strive to live in harmony with the universe, nature and community. They believe in balancing spiritual and physical aspects of life, work and leisure, tradition and progress. Achieving this balance and harmony in all areas of life is a key to enlightenment and peace.

Community and Responsibility

Ướmẹn teaches that we are all connected and responsible for one another. Followers have a duty to family, community and society. They believe in being generous with time and money, helping the less fortunate, and working together for the common good. How people treat others is seen as a reflection of their spiritual development.

Meditation and Contemplation

Reflection and meditation are important practices in the Ướmẹn faith. Followers meditate to gain insight into life’s deepest questions, strengthen their connection with the divine, and achieve inner peace. Contemplating the teachings of the Ướmẹn and reflecting on one’s thoughts and actions are seen as paths to wisdom and enlightenment.

In summary, the core principles of harmony, balance, community, and contemplation shape the Ướmẹn way of life. By incorporating these teachings into daily life, followers believe they can achieve peace in this world and the next.

Celebrations and Rituals of the Ướmẽn People

The Ướmẽn people have several important celebrations and rituals throughout the year that are steeped in cultural tradition. These events bring families and communities together to honor their heritage.

Harvest Festival

The largest annual festival is the Harvest Festival, held at the end of the wet season each fall. Villages come together to celebrate the harvest and give thanks for a successful growing season. There are feasts, dancing, and ceremonies to ensure continued prosperity. Offerings of crops, livestock, and money are made to the gods and spirits that watch over the land and its people.

Coming of Age Ritual

When Ướmằn youth reach maturity, an elaborate coming of age ritual is performed. Young men and women must prove their ability to survive in the jungle, build shelter, make fire and hunt food. The rite culminates in body scarification and tattoos that signify the transition to adulthood.

Ancestor Veneration

Ancestor veneration is an important part of Ướmằn spiritual life. Shrines to deceased family members are kept in the home, and offerings of food, drink and incense are made regularly to show respect. The Ướmằn believe that ancestors remain part of the family even after death, and can influence fortune and events in the lives of their descendants.

Music and Dance

Music, song and dance are central to all Ướmằn rituals and social gatherings. Unique instruments like the khen (mouth organ), khèn (conch shell trumpet) and trống (drum) provide accompaniment for traditional dances that celebrate nature, fertility, war, and other aspects of life. Dancing and music are a way for the Ướmằn people to maintain cultural traditions, bring good fortune and connect with spiritual forces.

The rituals and celebrations of the Ướmằn people highlight the deep cultural and spiritual connections they share with nature, community and their ancestors. These events bind generations together and ensure the continuation of their unique cultural heritage.

Where Ướmẽn Is Practiced Today

Today, ươmen is still practiced in several countries across Southeast Asia, though not as widely as in the past. Some of the places you can experience ươmen include:


In Vietnam, ươmen was traditionally practiced as a folk cure, though it has become more popular as a spa treatment in recent years. Many luxury spas, especially in larger cities like Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, offer ươmen massage and herbal treatments. ươmen practitioners, known as thầy thuốc nam, can also still be found in smaller towns and villages.


ươmen came to Thailand from Vietnam and was adapted to Thai culture. In Thailand, ươmen is known as นวดแผนโบราณ or traditional Thai massage. Like in Vietnam, ươmen was traditionally used as a medical treatment but today is popular as a spa therapy. Many spas, especially in tourist destinations like Bangkok and Chiang Mai, offer traditional Thai massage.


In Cambodia, ươmen is known as kru khmer or traditional Khmer medicine. As in Vietnam and Thailand, ươmen was originally used as a folk remedy but today is mainly practiced as a wellness and spa treatment, especially for tourists. ươmen practitioners, called kru khmer, can be found at Buddhist temples, spas and wellness centers across Cambodia.

Other Countries

ươmen also spread to other Southeast Asian countries like Laos, where it is known as traditional Lao massage. In Singapore and Malaysia, ươmen-inspired treatments are popular at many spas and wellness centers. Though ươmen originated in Vietnam, its influence has spread throughout Southeast Asia.


So there you have it, everything you need to know about ươmen. This traditional Vietnamese dish offers a balance of flavors, textures, and aromas you won’t find anywhere else. The next time you’re looking for an exciting culinary adventure or want to impress your friends with an exotic recipe, give ươmen a try. You’ll be transported to the streets of Vietnam with each savory bite. And if you can’t find the ingredients to make it yourself, check your local Asian grocery store or Vietnamese restaurant. They’re sure to have a delicious bowl of ươmen waiting for you. What are you waiting for? Dig in and enjoy this delicious taste of Vietnam!

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