Knowing which exam detects endometriosis is not essential, as this is the physician’s role.

Endometriosis is a disease related condition that affects many women worldwide.

It is a disease that chronically affects the gynecological part causing the growth of endometrial tissue in the uterus or outside it.

In this article, we’ll explore in detail everything you need to know about endometriosis, from its symptoms and treatments to the tests used to diagnose it.

What is endometriosis?

Endometriosis occurs when tissue similar to the lining of the uterus known as the endometrium grows in other areas of the body such as the ovaries, fallopian tubes, intestines or it can also occur in the bladder.

These areas affected by abnormal tissue growth can develop lesions and scarring, causing severe pain and other uncomfortable symptoms…

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What are the symptoms of endometriosis?

The symptoms of endometriosis can range from mild to severe and are usually accompanied by the following symptoms:

  • Chronic pelvic pain or severe menstrual cramps
  • Pain during or after intercourse;
  • Heavy or irregular menstrual bleeding;
  • Chronic fatigue and excessive tiredness;
  • Bowel problems, such as pain during a bowel movement or diarrhea.
  • Infertility or difficulty getting pregnant.

It is important to understand that each woman may experience different symptoms and that symptoms may vary over time.

If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is essential to seek a specialist doctor to obtain a more accurate diagnosis by performing tests.

How does the diagnosis of endometriosis work?

A few specific tests help us to screen this peculiar condition, with each one playing its uniquely vital role.

Below, we will explain a little more about this topic.

Transvaginal Ultrasound

The name sounds a little scary, right? However, it is a very safe procedure.

This is the starting point, an inside view of our body using sound waves. For this, the doctor must insert the transducer, a small device that captures detailed images of our reproductive organs.

Consequently, it allows the doctor to see if there is any evidence of endometriosis.


This examination is very similar to stepping into a time capsule that allows us to see inside ourselves.

Incredibly detailed, it helps to identify more hidden areas where endometriosis may have taken root.

It is an excellent test to identify endometriosis, given that it allows the visualization of lesions in areas such as the uterine ligaments, bowel and ovaries.


It looks almost futuristic, with a small tube containing a camera being inserted into the body. And no, it’s not science fiction – it’s reality!

This first-hand view of the body allows definitive identification of endometriotic lesions.

Although all these technical terms and processes seem complex, they are all carried out by highly trained professionals, whose main objective is to guarantee your well-being.

So, when it comes to diagnosing endometriosis, remember, you are in good hands!

What are the main treatments for endometriosis?

Treatment of endometriosis can be done in different ways, depending on the severity of the symptoms and the patient’s desire to become pregnant. Treatment options include:

  • 1 – Medicines for pain relief and hormonal control;
  • 2 – Hormone therapy, such as oral or injectable contraceptives;
  • 3 – Endometriosis Surgery;
  • 4 – Fertility treatment, such as in vitro fertilization (IVF).

It is important to emphasize that each case of endometriosis is unique and treatment should be personalized according to the patient’s individual needs.

A specialist doctor will be able to indicate the best therapeutic approach based on the patient’s clinical condition and goals.

How to prevent endometriosis?

Endometriosis prevention is an important thing for women’s health regardless of age.

Although it is not possible to completely prevent the appearance and development of the disease, some measures can be adopted to reduce the risk:

Know the symptoms and have a healthy lifestyle

Being aware of the signs and symptoms of endometriosis helps you identify any changes in the body early and seek medical help.

Maintaining a balanced diet with regular physical exercise and avoiding smoking contributes to general health and reduces the risk of developing endometriosis.

Control stress and see the gynecologist regularly

Stress can negatively affect the immune and hormonal system causing an increase in the chances of developing this disease.

Adopt relaxation techniques such as meditation, yoga or therapy to help deal with everyday stress.

Performing routine consultations with a specialist to monitor gynecological health is good for early identification of any problems and guidance on preventive actions.

Although prevention of endometriosis is not completely guaranteed, following these measures will reduce your risk and promote a healthier lifestyle for you!

This will make your overall well being at its best, even causing a reduction in the possible onset of other illnesses.


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